The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were:
- the Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt
- the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
- the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Greece
- the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
- the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
- the Colossus of Rhodes
- the Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt
The Seven Wonders were first characterized as themata (Greek for ‘things to be seen’ which, in the present basic English, we would express as ‘must sees’) by Philo of Byzantium in 225 BCE, in his work On The Seven Wonders.
Different scholars on the Seven Wonders incorporate Herodotus, Callimachus of Cyrene and Antipater of Sidon. Of the first seven, just the Great Pyramid exists today.
Great pyramid at Giza (Wonders)
The Great Pyramid at Giza was built somewhere in the range of 2584 and 2561 BCE for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (referred to in Greek as ‘Cheops’) and was the tallest man-made structure on the planet for very nearly 4,000 years.
Unearthings of the inside of the pyramid were just started decisively in the late eighteenth and mid nineteenth hundreds of years CE thus the complexities of the inside which so interest current individuals were obscure to the antiquated essayists.
It was simply the structure with its ideal symmetry and forcing tallness which inspired old guests.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, on the off chance that they existed as portrayed, were worked by Nebuchadnezzar II between 605-562 BCE as a blessing to his better half.
They are depicted by the antiquated author Diodorus Siculus as acting naturally watering planes of outlandish widely varied vegetation achieving a stature of more than 75 feet (23 meters) through a progression of climbing porches.
Diodorus composed that Nebuchadnezzar’s better half, Amtis of Media, missed the mountains and blooms of her country thus the ruler directed that a mountain be made for her in Babylon.
The discussion about whether the nurseries existed originates from the way that they are no place referenced in Babylonian history and that Herodotus, ‘the Father of History’, makes no notice of them in his portrayals of Babylon.
There are numerous other antiquated actualities, figures, and places Herodotus neglects to specify, notwithstanding, or has been demonstrated to not be right about.
Diodorus, Philo, and the student of history Strabo all case the greenhouses existed. They were devastated by a tremor at some point after the first century CE.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia (Wonders)
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by the incomparable Greek stone worker Phidias (known as the best artist of the old world in the fifth century BCE, he additionally chipped away at the Parthenon and the statue of Athena there in Athens).
The statue delineated the god Zeus situated on his position of authority, his skin of ivory and robes of pounded gold, and was 40 feet (12 m) tall, intended to rouse amazement in the admirers who went to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia.
Not every person was awestruck by the statue, be that as it may.
Strabo reports, “In spite of the fact that the sanctuary itself is enormous, the stone worker is condemned for not having valued the right extents.
He has appeared situated, yet with the head practically contacting the roof, so we have the feeling that if Zeus moved to stand up he would unroof the sanctuary” (Seven Wonders).
The Temple at Olympia fell into ruin after the ascent of Christianity and the prohibition on the Olympic Games as ‘agnostic ceremonies’. The statue was stolen away to Constantinople where it was later wrecked, at some point in either the fifth or sixth hundreds of years CE, by a seismic tremor.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Ephesos), a Greek state in Asia Minor, took more than 120 years to construct and just a single night to pulverize. Finished in 550 BCE, the sanctuary was 425 feet (around 129 m) long, 225 feet (very nearly 69 m) wide, upheld by 127 60 foot (around 18 m) high segments.
Supported by the well off King Croesus of Lydia,
who saved no cost in anything he did (as per Herodotus, among others) the sanctuary was magnificent to the point that each record of it is composed with a similar tone of wonderment and each concurs with the other this was among the most astounding structures at any point raised by people.
On July 21, 356 BCE a man named Herostratus set flame to the sanctuary all together, as he stated, to accomplish enduring acclaim by always being related with the pulverization of something so lovely.
The Ephesians announced that his name ought to never be recorded nor recollected however Strabo put it down as a point of enthusiasm for the historical backdrop of the sanctuary.
On that night the sanctuary consumed, Alexander the Great was conceived and, later, offered to reconstruct the destroyed sanctuary however the Ephesians rejected his liberality.
It was modified on a less fabulous scale after Alexander’s passing however was pulverized by the attack of the Goths.
Revamped once more, it was at long last demolished totally by a Christian crowd lead by Saint John Chrysostom in 401 CE.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was the tomb of the Persian Satrap Mausolus, worked in c. 351 BCE.
Mausolus picked Halicarnassus as his capital city, and he and his cherished spouse Artemisia made a huge effort to make a city whose magnificence would be unmatched on the planet.
Mausolus kicked the bucket in 353 BCE and Artemisia wished to make a last resting spot deserving of such an extraordinary lord.
Artemisia kicked the bucket two years after Mausolus and her powder were buried with his in the sepulcher (Pliny the Elder records that the specialists proceeded with work on the structure after her passing, both as a tribute to their patroness and realizing the work would bring them enduring distinction). The tomb was 135 feet (41 m) tall and elaborately enriched with fine model.
It was annihilated by a progression of tremors and lay in ruin for many years until, in 1494 CE, it was totally disassembled and utilized by the Knights of St.
John of Malta in the structure of their manor at Bodrum (where the antiquated stones can at present be seen today). It is from the tomb of Mausolus that the English word ‘catacomb’ is inferred.
Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the god Helios (the benefactor lord of the island of Rhodes) developed somewhere in the range of 292 and 280 BCE.
It remained more than 110 feet (a little more than 33 m) high disregarding the harbor of Rhodes and, regardless of whimsical portrayals despite what might be expected, remained with its legs together on a base
(much like the Statue of Liberty in the harbor off New York City in the United States of America, which is demonstrated on the Colossus) and did not straddle the harbor.
The statue was charged after the thrashing of the attacking armed force of Demetrius in 304 BCE.
Demetrius abandoned quite a bit of his attack gear and weaponry and this was sold by the Rhodians for 300 gifts (roughly 360 million U.S. dollars) which cash they used to assemble the Colossus.
The statue represented just 56 years before it was pulverized by a seismic tremor in 226 BCE. It lay in great ruin for more than 800 years, as per Strabo, was as yet a vacation destination. Pliny the Elder cases that the fingers of the Colossus were bigger than most statues of his day.
As per the student of history Theophanes the bronze remnants were in the long run sold to “a Jewish vendor of Edessa” around 654 CE who diverted them on 900 camels to be liquefied down.
LIGHTHOUSE OF ALEXANDRIA (Wonders)
The Lighthouse at Alexandria, built on the island of Pharos, stood close to 440 feet (134 m) in height and was commissioned by Ptolemy I Soter. Construction was completed sometime around 280 BCE.
The lighthouse was the third tallest human-made structure in the world (after the pyramids) and its light (a mirror which reflected the sun’s rays by day and a fire by night) could be seen as far as 35 miles out to sea.